“The End of Millennium Development Goals And Beyond”


perhaps many of us have heard about ‘millennium development goals’  even though if we aren’t known much about it. some part of world is being suffered from hunger and poverty, many children and people have been deprived of even a primary education  there is gender inequality, health of people are in risk, child mortality and many more.. in order to address these kinds of problem around the globe, united nation  in 2000 held summit called ‘millennium summit’ following the adoption of ‘united nation millennium declaration’ in order to achieve following eight international goals:

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image – from google.

1. reducing extreme poverty and hunger
2. ensuring universal primary education
3. ensuring gender equality and empowering the women
4. reducing child morlity rates
5. ensuring safe maternal health
6. combating HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases 
7. ensuring environmental sustainability

8. developing a global partnership for development 
these international goals determined by the united nation is known as millennium development goals. millennium development goals have been agreed by the 189 country around the world who are the member of united nation and 23 various international organisation and they have promised to achieve the goals by the end of 2015. the term international development is different than simply development in that it is specifically composed of institutions and policies. International development is related to the concept of international aid.To accelerate progress, the G8 Finance Ministers agreed in June 2005 

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image-from google.

to provide enough funds to the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and the African Development Bank (AfDB) to cancel an additional $40 to $55 billion in debt owed by members of the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) to allow impoverished countries to re‑channel the resources saved from the forgiven debt to social programs for improving health and education and for alleviating poverty. it seeks to implement long-term solutions to problems by helping developing countries create the necessary capacity needed to provide such sustainable solutions to their problems. 

     End of the 2015 is inching nearer and nearer,so, how have these goals of UN in various country been achieving?? is that targeted goals are likely to be achieved or not?? these are the question to be pensively ponder.
     Major countries that have been achieving their goals include China (whose poverty population has reduced from 452 million to 278 million) and India due to clear internal and external factors of population and economic development.However, areas needing the most reduction, such as the sub-Saharan Africa regions have yet to make any drastic changes in improving their quality of life.

     countries like Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Uganda have eliminated school fees. This resulted in the increase in student enrollment in several regions. For instance, in Ghana, public school enrollment in the most deprived districts increased from 4.2 million to 5.4 million between 2004 and 2005. in Kenya, enrollment of primary school children surged significantly with 1.2 million extra increase of children in school in 2003 and by 2004, the number had climbed to 7.2 million.

Even though the poverty rates in sub-Saharan Africa decreased in a small percent, there are some successes regarding millennium development goals in sub-Saharan Africa. In the case of MDG 1, sub-Saharan region started to eradicate poverty by strengthening the industry of rice production.

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image- from google.

Originally, rice production was one of the main problems since its production rate could not catch up the rapid population growth by mid‑1990s. 

developing countries like Bangladesh have shown that it is possible to reduce child mortality with only modest growth with inexpensive but effective interventions, such as measles immunization.
      According to some experts, MDG 7—to halve the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation—is still far from being reached. Since national governments often cannot provide the necessary infrastructure, civil society in some countries started to organise and work on sanitation themselves.

    Goal 8 of the MDGs is unique in the sense that it focuses on donor government commitments and achievements, rather than successes in the developing world.
   Although developed countries’ aid for the achievement of the MDGs have been rising over recent years.the 50 least developed countries only receive about one third of all aid that flows from developed countries, raising the issue of aid not moving from rich to poor depending on their development needs but rather from rich to their closest allies.

so, the condition is getting improved though it is not as rapid as expected. and still there is mound of challenge in implementation of program and achieving goals within targeted time period.  but end of 2015 is not the end of journey of achieving the targeted international development goals, I think UN have got a more new issue to think about and pace step differently. all countries and organisation who have promised to achieve the goals, necessarily have to make try to achieve this goals within fixed time period, though  journey do not end there.so what after 2015?? what what have UN thought about that?

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image from google.

   as 2015 approaches, however increasing global uncertainties such as economic crisis and climate change   have led to an opportunity to rethink the MDG approach to development policy. At the September 2010 MDG Summit, UN Member States initiated steps towards advancing the Post-2015 Development Agenda and are now leading process of open, inclusive consultations on the post-2015 agenda. Civil society organizations from all over the world have also begun to engage in the post-2015 process, while academia and other research institutions, including think tanks, are particularly active.

      On 31 July 2012, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon appointed 26 civil society, private sector, and government leaders from all regions to a high-level panel to advise on the global development agenda beyond 2015.

       millennium development goals is obviously non other than goals of developing the human living condition around the world. and progress towards achieving the goals are uneven type. achieving those international millennium goals is obviously not a short term plan and not possible to have achievement within short period of time too. so also after the end of 2015, it should be continued, modifying with some current hot issue to be considered.

Reference:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Millennium_Development_Goals

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